Thursday, April 30, 2009


THANKS to Jenna for sharing this informative article on the humble beetroot...

Beetroot contains folate, potassium and manganese. The green leafy tops are
especially nutritious as they contain calcium, beta-carotene and iron.
Experts believe that the red pigmentation of beetroot contains certain
anti-cancer agents and beetroot has been used in the treatment of cancer for
some years.
Calories in Beetroot:4 oz/100g = approx 36 calories

BeetrootBeta vulgaris, commonly known as beet or beetroot, is a flowering plant species
in the family Chenopodiaceae. Several cultivars are valued around the world as
edible root vegetables, fodder (mangel) and sugar-producing sugar beet

Beetroot Nutrition Info
An average size cup of beetroot would contain approximately 31 food calories;
8.5g of carbohydrate, 1.5g of dietary fiber, phosphorous, potassium and 1.5g of
protein. Cooked beetroot is a great source of folate that can protect you
against high blood pressure, Alzheimer’s and dementia.

Beetroot Health Benefits
Beetroot is good for the health of the heart as it contains soluble fibre with
can help to reduce high blood cholesterol levels.
It also contains the phytochemicals carotenoids and flavonoids which help
prevent LDL ‘ bad’ cholesterol from being oxidised and deposited in the

Beetroot is virtually fat free and low in calories. It has an extremely low GL
which means it’s converted into sugars very slowly which helps to keep blood
sugar levels stable.
Beetroot has for many years been used as a treatment for cancer in Europe.
Specific anti-carcinogens are bound to the red colouring matter which supposedly
helps fight against cancer and beetroot also increases the uptake of oxygen by
as much as 400 percent. Additional studies are taking place to add support to
these claims.

Storing BeetrootBeetroot can be stored in the refrigerator or on a cool, dark shelf. It'll
normally keep for a few weeks when it's young and fresh.

Beetroot Trivia
The colour of red beetroot is due to a variety of betalain pigments, unlike
most other red plants, such as red cabbage, which contain anthocyanin pigments.
The composition of different betalain pigments can vary, giving breeds of
beetroot which are yellow or other colors in addition to the familiar deep red.
Betacyanin in beetroot may cause red urine and feces in some people who are
unable to break it down. This is called beeturia.

FACT SHEET : Preventing flu with GOOD HABITS

Hi all,

With all the hype that the recent Mexico Swine Flu is getting... countries around the globe are now on their toes to prevent the disease from escalating into a pandemic. So, what can an individual do in the meantime to avoid being infected?

The CDC (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, USA) has come up with a simple and easy-to-follow guide to help anyone who is concerned enough to take extra precautions for oneself and for the benefit of others around him. I have taken the liberty to add on a few more for luck!!!

Please share these tips and may you stay healthy and well ....

Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your
distance from those who are to protect them from getting sick too.

If possible, stay home from work, school etc, when you are down with a fever
or showing signs of catching the flu bug. Ditto as in No: (1) .. you take care
of yourself as well as the others.

Cultivate this courteous habit even if you don't have a flu! We spread a myriad
of germs when we cough or sneeze!!! Geez!!!

Wash your hands thoroughly after visiting the toilet. Cleaning your hands often
also help to stop the spread of bacteria to others and yourself. Have a bottle
of anti-bacterial handwash in your bag always in case of urgent need.

If at all possible, avoid travel by air... it is one of the easiest way to get
bugged! With so many passengers in a confined area and breathing in recycled
air.... the bugs will have a field day!

Forget about going window-shopping at the weekends when malls are overcrowded
with bug carriers. Stay home and catch up with your sleep or better still -
catch up on our Blog....

You know what they are.... good hygiene, plenty of restful sleep, plenty of
healthy and nutritious green veggies and fresh fruits, regular exercise and
manage your own stress level wisely. And the company of good friends, those
without the bugs, of course!!! For them, we pray for their recovery...

For those with school-going kids.... take special care and monitor their
activities. Making sure they don't come into contact with children who are sick
or down with a fever. Make sure they enjoy a diet rich in Vitamin C .. from
fresh fruits and green veggies.

For seasonal flu, get vaccinated each year.

(10) LASTLY..... Prevention is better than cure!

If anyone has more to add on and share... please do us a favour and post your worth ..... thanks.


Monday, April 27, 2009

Is this another warning and time to reconsider plant-based diet?

Posted by Guest On Planet.

Source :

World moves to contain flu spread

Governments around the world have been hurrying to contain the spread of a new swine flu virus after outbreaks were reported in Mexico, the US and Canada.

At least 100 people are now suspected to have died of the disease in Mexico.

The UN has warned the disease has the potential to become a pandemic, but said the world is better prepared than ever to deal with the threat.

Stocks of anti-viral medicines are being readied and travellers are being screened at some airports for symptoms.

Mexican Health Secretary Jose Angel Cordova said suspected swine flu cases in his country had risen to 1,614 including 103 deaths.

Of those, 20 deaths are confirmed to have been caused by the new virus and tests are being investigated.

The US, where 20 people are confirmed to have caught the virus, has declared a public health emergency.

There are also confirmed cases in Canada, and investigations are being carried out on suspected cases in Spain, Israel and New Zealand.

In most cases outside Mexico, people have been only mildly ill and have made a full recovery.

Vigilance urged

The World Health Organization (WHO), the UN's health agency, has said the swine flu virus could be capable of mutating into a more dangerous strain.

The BBC talks to people in Mexico City about the flu outbreak.

But officials say they need more information on the virus before deciding whether to raise the global pandemic alert phase.

The WHO is advising all countries to be vigilant for seasonally unusual flu or pneumonia-like symptoms among their populations - particularly among young healthy adults, a characteristic of past pandemics.

Only a handful of the Mexican cases have so far been laboratory-confirmed as swine flu, while in the US confirmed cases had only mild symptoms.

Health experts want to know why some people become so seriously ill, while others just develop a cold, the BBC's Imogen Foulkes reports from Switzerland.

Dr Keiji Fukuda, WHO's assistant director-general in charge of health security, said all countries were "looking at the situation seriously" but that a true picture of the extent of the virus was still emerging.


1918: The Spanish flu pandemic remains the most devastating outbreak of modern times - infecting up to 40% of the world's population and killing more than 50m people, with young adults particularly badly affected

1957: Asian flu killed two million people. Caused by a human form of the virus, H2N2, combining with a mutated strain found in wild ducks. The elderly were particularly vulnerable

1968: An outbreak first detected in Hong Kong, and caused by a strain known as H3N2, killed up to one million people globally, with those over 65 most likely to die

H1N1 is the same strain that causes seasonal flu outbreaks in humans but the newly detected version contains genetic material from versions of flu which usually affect pigs and birds.

It is spread mainly through coughs and sneezes.

Officials said most of those killed so far in Mexico were young adults - rather than more vulnerable children and the elderly.

There is currently no vaccine for the new strain of flu but severe cases can be treated with antiviral medication.

Dr Fukuda said years of preparing for bird flu had boosted world stocks of antivirals.

It is unclear how effective currently available flu vaccines would be at offering protection against the new strain, as it is genetically distinct from other flu strains.

WHO experts will meet again in Geneva on Tuesday to discuss whether to raise the pandemic alert phase.

Source :

Q&A: What is swine flu?

Posted 1 hour 3 minutes ago

Health authorities across the globe are taking steps to try to stem the spread of swine flu after outbreaks in Mexico and the United States, and suspected cases elsewhere. RN Breakfast's science correspondent Dr Chris Smith and the World Health Organisation (WHO) explain how swine flu is spread from animals to humans.

Q: What do we know about the swine flu virus in general and what do we know about this new strain?

Dr Chris Smith: The flu is a very ancestrally old illness. It's a virus that has been around for thousands of years. It started off as an infection in birds and slowly over those thousands of years diversified to infect every single warm-blooded animal on Earth and a few cold-blooded ones, including snakes.

All these different organisms have their own forms of flu and periodically they can exchange them with other related animals. Birds can exchange their forms of flu with us, that gives us bird flu and periodically spawns one type of pandemic. Also, pigs can exchange their form of flu with birds and perhaps other large mammals, including horses. Because pigs, as very big mammals, are so similar to humans, they can also exchange viruses with humans and this is why we think the present outbreak could have occurred.

A pig could have had a form of flu and if a pig worker infects that pig with a form of human flu, the pig can then be co-infected with two very similar viruses at the same time. The way that flu organises its genetic material makes it very easy for the virus to do what is called reassortment. You can get a hybrid where the worst bits of both viruses combine, producing a super-virus.

You end up with a virus which has an outer coat resembling the outer coat of the pig form of the virus, but has the inner workings and the ability to evade the human immune system of the human form, which means it can spread very readily amongst humans. Because it looks like nothing we've seen before, there is no "herd immunity" in the population, so it spreads very effectively and very easily.

Q: When and where do swine flu outbreaks occur?

WHO: Outbreaks in pigs occur year round, usually in the autumn and winter in temperate zones. Since international health regulations were implemented in 2007, WHO has been notified of swine influenza cases from the United States and Spain.

Governments do not have to notify international animal health authorities about swine flu outbreaks, therefore its international distribution in animals is not well known. The disease is considered endemic in the United States. Outbreaks in pigs are also known to have occurred in North America, South America, Europe (including the UK, Sweden, and Italy), Africa (Kenya) and in parts of eastern Asia including China and Japan.

Q: This super-virus we're looking at now is said to be a cross between a pig flu, a human flu and also the bird flu, which has been deadly too. Does this make it even more dangerous?

Dr Smith: Flu is broken down into a number of different types: there's flu A, flu B and flu C. Flu A is the bird form and, of course, humans also have a flu A. Then we further categorise it according to the surface molecules, the H (for Haemagglutinin) and the N on the surface.

This new strain is a H1N1 virus, which we know circulates in humans, pigs and birds. It's possible that the pig initially got some of its flu from a bird and then co-mixed that with the human form to produce this hybrid, which is why you can find elements of all three.

It is very much early days and the big focus now, through infection control organisations like the Centres for Disease and Prevention (CDP) and the WHO, will be to interrogate this virus at a molecular level.

In other words, look at the genetic make-up, sequence the virus, and once they've got the genetic sequence you can begin to unpick where it's come from, what its origins are, and therefore begin to build the story as to what its likely outcome will be.

WHO: Swine flu viruses are most commonly of the H1N1 subtype but other subtypes g (H1N2, H3N1 and H3N) are also circulating. The H3N2 swine virus was thought to have been originally introduced into pigs by humans.

An influenza virus containing genes from a number of sources is called a "reassortant" virus. Swine flu viruses are normally species specific and only infect pigs, but sometimes they cross the species barrier to cause disease in humans.

Q: The World Health Organisation has activated stage three of its six stage global influenza plan and that puts nations on pandemic alert. Stage three is activated when there is "no or limited human-to-human transmission". But how could the virus have spread as it has without human-to-human transmission?

Dr Smith: The key thing here is going to be the epidemiology. In other words, looking at the numbers and how they relate to populations. What Mexico and then the subsequent cases in America tell us is that there are no confirmed examples of all of these other cases all having links to pigs.

Normally when we see these "zoonotic jumps" (a virus which is normally found in one animal getting into people, like H5N1 bird flu), when you see human cases there is some association with an animal. You cannot account for the cases that are happening in other countries like America on those grounds.

So there must be some other factor, some other ingredient. We think that's probably human-to-human transmission and so that's why people are worried because we think we're seeing onward transmission now, and not just to a few cases but to lots of cases.

Normally when these viruses jump out of their host species and get into a new species, it's somewhat constrained in its ability to multiply and spread, because the virus has found itself in foreign territory - us, rather than an animal - to which its ill-adapted.

This virus doesn't seem to be ill-adapted in that way, suggesting it's well-adapted to life in a human, enabling it to spread efficiently from one person to the next.

Given how infectious the flu is, and given how mobile the human population is around the planet, the UK government in a working party report in 2000 suggested there is something like 500,000 people airborne around planet Earth at any instant in time - this means the potential for this to spread far and wide, very quickly, is high.

WHO: People usually get swine influenza from infected pigs, however, some human cases lack contact history with pigs or environments where pigs have been located. Human-to-human transmission has occurred in some instances but was limited to close contacts and closed groups of people.

It is likely that most people, especially those who do not have regular contact with pigs, do not have immunity to swine influenza viruses that can prevent the virus infection.

If a swine virus establishes efficient human-to human transmission, it can cause an influenza pandemic. The impact of a pandemic caused by such a virus is difficult to predict: it depends on virulence of the virus, existing immunity among people, cross protection by antibodies acquired from seasonal influenza infection and host factors.

Q: What are the symptoms of this flu and how does it kill you?

Dr Smith: The health protection agency in the UK has drawn up an algorithm as to how they intend to assess people. The first point on the algorithm is geography. Have people come in from an area where we're seeing disease activity? That includes obviously parts of the US now but chiefly Mexico.

Then there is a symptom algorithm. It's a temperature of more than 38 degrees, or a history of a temperature of more than 38 degrees and not only respiratory symptoms (for example, a runny nose) or a headache but also diarrhoea and vomiting.

Some of the US cases have presented with diarrhoea, though it's not clear actually if those symptoms were incidental. But because this is a foreign virus getting into people it could present in an atypical way.

They're using that initial screening and then activating various molecular tests, using tests that can detect the genetic material of the virus to see if we're onto this form of flu.

WHO: Swine flu tends to be associated with high morbidity (that is, it infects a large proportion of an area's population) but low mortality (less than 5 per cent of infected patients die of the disease).

Generally clinical symptoms are similar to seasonal influenza but reported clinical presentation ranges broadly from asymptomatic infection to severe pneumonia resulting in death.

Since typical clinical presentation of swine influenza infection in humans resembles seasonal influenza and other acute upper respiratory tract infections, most of the cases have been detected by chance through seasonal influenza surveillance. Mild or asymptomatic cases may have escaped from recognition; therefore the true extent of this disease among humans is unknown.

Is it safe to eat pork meat and pork products?

WHO: Yes. Swine influenza has not been shown to be transmissible to people through eating properly handled and prepared pork (pig meat) or other products derived from pigs. The swine influenza virus is killed by cooking temperatures of 70 degrees Celsius, corresponding to the general guidance for the preparation of pork and other meat.

Is there a human vaccine to protect from swine influenza?

WHO: There are no vaccines that contain the current swine influenza virus causing illness in humans. It is not known whether current human seasonal influenza vaccines can provide any protection.

Influenza viruses change very quickly. It is important to develop a vaccine against the currently circulating virus strain for it to provide maximum protection to the vaccinated people. This is why WHO needs access to as many viruses as possible in order to select the most appropriate candidate vaccine virus.

What drugs are available for treatment?

WHO: Antiviral drugs for seasonal influenza are available in some countries and effectively prevent and treat the illness. There are two classes of such medicines, adamantanes (amantadine and remantadine) and inhibitors of influenza neuraminidase (oseltamivir and zanamivir).

Most of the previously reported swine flu cases recovered fully from the disease without requiring medical attention and without antiviral medicines.

Some flu viruses develop resistance to the antiviral medicines, limiting the effectiveness of chemoprophylaxis and treatment. The viruses obtained from the recent human cases with swine flu in the United States were sensitive to oselatmivir and zanamivir but resistant to amantadine and remantadine.

There is not enough information for the WHO to make recommendations on the use of the antivirals in prevention and treatment of swine flu virus infection. Clinicians have to make decisions based on the clinical and epidemiological assessment and harms and benefit of the prophylaxis/treatment of the patient.

For the ongoing outbreak of the swine flu infection in the United States and Mexico, the national and the local authorities are recommending to use oseltamivir or zanamivir for treatment and prevention of the disease based on the virus's susceptibility profile.

Saturday, April 25, 2009


THANKS Jenna for sharing this with us.....

Health Benefits of Watermelon

Watermelon is not only delicious, but extremely healthy, as well. The health benefits of water melon include kidney disorders, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart care, heat stroke, macular degeneration, impotence, etc.

• Kidney Disorders: Water Melon contains a lot of potassium, which is very helpful in cleaning or washing off the toxic depositions in the kidneys. Moreover, it is helpful in reducing concentration of uric acid in the blood, thereby reducing the chances of kidney damages and formation of renal calculi in it. Added to these, being high in water content, it induces frequent urinating, which is again helpful for cleaning of kidneys. Also, the anti oxidants present in ensure good health of kidneys for a long.

• High Blood Pressure: A good amount of Potassium and magnesium, present in water melons, are very good in bringing down the blood pressure. The carotenoids present in them prevent hardening of walls of arteries and veins, thereby helping reduce blood pressure.

• Prevent Heat Stroke: Water melon is effective in reducing your body temperature and blood pressure. Many people in the tropical regions eat the fruit daily in the afternoon during summers to protect themselves from heat stroke. In India, you will find the fruit being sold by vendors in almost every street during summers.

• Diabetes: Diabetes patients, who are supposed to have low energy and low sugar diet, often complaint about starving since they don’t get to eat their staple diet to their full, giving them a feeling of keeping half fed. Water Melons can be a good supplement for them. In spite of being sweet in taste, a thick wedge will give you very few calories, since ninety nine percent of its total weight is composed of water and roughage. Moreover, the various vitamins and minerals such as potassium and magnesium help in proper functioning of insulin in the body, thus lowering the blood sugar level. Arginine, another component found in water melons, is very effective in enhancing impact of insulin on sugar. Diabetes patients can also have curries, steaks, salads made from water melon rinds which are even lower in sugar.

• Diabetes: Diabetes patients, who are supposed to have low energy and low sugar diet, often complaint about starving since they don’t get to eat their staple diet to their full, giving them a feeling of keeping half fed. Water Melons can be a good supplement for them. In spite of being sweet in taste, a thick wedge will give you very few calories, since ninety nine percent of its total weight is composed of water and roughage. Moreover, the various vitamins and minerals such as potassium and magnesium help in proper functioning of insulin in the body, thus lowering the blood sugar level. Arginine, another component found in water melons, is very effective in enhancing impact of insulin on sugar. Diabetes patients can also have curries, steaks, salads made from water melon rinds which are even lower in sugar.

• Heart Care: Lypocene, a carotenoid found in abundance in water melon, improves cardiac functions. Beta carotene, known for its remarkable anti oxidant and anti aging properties, also keeps you young at the heart and prevents age related cardiac problems. The roughage in water melon and its very low energy, with help from vitamin-C, Carotenoids and potassium (potassium cuts the risk of a heart attack), help reduce cholesterol and keep your heart safe.

• Macular Degeneration: Leave your worry of eyes on that beta carotene, that vitamin-C and those Lutein and Zeaxanthin. They will ensure protection of your eyes from macular degeneration. They are experts in that. These anti oxidants will protect your eyes from other age related ailments such as drying up of eyes and optical nerves, glaucoma etc.

• Impotence: Arginine, present in water melon, is beneficial in curing erectile dysfunctions.

• Other Benefits: Lypocene is found to be effective in preventing cancer, prostrate growth and repair damaged tissues.

• Water melon seeds are rich in good fats and proteins. Water melons also contain phytonutrients which have very good effect on the health and proper functioning of internal organs, eyes, secretion system etc.
Watermelon seeds are excellent sources of protein (both essential and non-essential amino acids) and oil. Watermelon seed is about 35% protein, 50% oil, and 5% dietary fiber. Watermelon seed is also rich in micro- and macro-nutrients such as magnesium, calcium, potassium, iron, phosphorous, zinc etc.

Melons are also abundant in vitamin C, one arm of the now-famous disease-fighting antioxidant trio. Another arm that's well represented is beta-carotene.

Researchers believe that beta-carotene and vitamin C are capable of preventing heart disease, cancer, and other chronic conditions. No matter which way you cut them, when it comes to nutrition, melons are number one.

Watermelon is a valuable source of lycopene, one of the carotenoids that have actually been studied in humans. Research indicates that lycopene is helpful in reducing the risk of prostate, breast, and endometrial cancers, as well as lung and colon cancer.

Red/Pink watermelon is also a source of the potent carotenoid antioxidant, lycopene. These powerful antioxidants travel through the body neutralising free radicals, that can cause a great deal of damage. They oxidise cholesterol, cholesterol stick to blood vessel walls, leading to heart attack or stroke.

4 Health Benefits of Watermelons

#1 Lycopene
Lycopene is an antioxidant found in most red colored fruits, with the exception of a few things such as strawberries. Scientific studies have shown that Lycopene reduces the risk of prostate cancer and heart disease in people. People who eat a diet high in lycopene are much less likely to suffer a heart attack then men who don't.

#2 Vitamin B6
Vitamin B6 is an important attribute to have in a healthy diet because it promotes chemicals in the brain that help people to cope with anxiety and panic. These are two psychological disorders that are on the rise in America today.

#3 Vitamin C
If you thought oranges were the only fruit that could provide you with Vitamin C, think again. Vitamin C is important to not only being healthy, but remaining attractive all your life. Vitamin C boosts the immune system so that you get sick less often and it also slows down aging and medical conditions such as cataract.

#4 Vitamin A
Vitamin A works much like Vitamin C, in that it helps boost immunity, but it also help your body fight off infection. It also prevents blindness.

As you can see, eating watermelon is almost tantamount to taking a multivitamin every morning, but with a much better taste. Watermelons are seasonal, which means that they are not available all year long. It means that when they are in season you should make sure and take advantage.

A cup of watermelon provides 24.3 per cent of the daily value for Vitamin C, and, through its beta-carotene, 11.1 per cent of the DV for Vita

GREEN Driving Tips

The following tips are 'curi-ed' from the Jan/Feb magazine from AAM (Automobime Association of Malaysia) and I would like to share with you what I have learned.
Pretty cool stuff and for those of us who are environmentally conscious, they are great ways for us to be aware of our carbon footprints when on the road!! To those of us, especially me ,who are not too familiar with the mechanics of a car,these are good and interesting advice to take.

(1) CHECK THE AIR PRESSURE OF YOUR TYRES...You reduce the amount of fuel you need to drive by ensuring your tyres are properly inflated. The petrol you saved will mean less oil needs to be extracted from refineries and less waste overall. You also get to save money as an added bonus!

(2) GET YOUR CAR INTO TOP WORKING ORDER .... Make sure your car keeps its regular appointments with its maintenance schedule. A clean engine equals cleaner fumes equals a cleaner environement !

(3) PLAN YOUR TRIPS ..... planned trips means faster, and less resources being used when you drive around aimlessly. A great way to cut dowm on petrol consupmtion and also less emission of harmful fumes into the atmosphere.

(4) REPAIR AIR CONDITIONER LEAKS IMMEDIATELY..... some aircond units contain harmful chlorofluorocarbons which is a no-no to the environment! Be sure to fix any leaks as soon as you can!

(5) MAINTAIN A STEADY SPEED ...... If your car has a cruise control device, use it when you are on the highway. A steady speed helps to save on fuel and also also slow down the rate of carbon emissions. Keeping to the speed limit also save your life and the lives of others on the road!

(6) STOP IDLING ..... it's a fallacy that turning off your engine and restarting it uses more fuel than just letting it idle. If you have to wait more than 30 seconds, you're actually using more fuel than if you would turn off your engine.

(7) CAR POOL !..... The mother of all GREEN Driving tips!!! Less vehicles on the road means less trafiic jam, means less gas emission, means more money saved, means more time spent chin-wagging with your fellow carpoolers!

That's not too difficult.... and certainly not impossible for many of us. A change of mindset and habits may take a little time but we get to live a little longer if we help do our part for the environment. Every little bit counts!

If you have any more of such green tips to share, please do us all a favour and let us know.

Have a great day and hey... check out that little 'monster' of yours!


Thursday, April 23, 2009




DO you know the M-E-A-T on your table is killing the Environment and depleting Earth's Precious Resources ???
< IF YOU ARE A MEAT-EATING "ENVIRONMENTALIST" - You must read these startling facts!

(1) NUMBER of people on earth today : nearly 7 billion
NUMBER of cows, chickens, pigs, and other farmed animals : approx 20 billion

(2) GRAINS that are fed to farm animals this year : 760 million tons
FOOD needed to eliminate the most extreme cases of world hunger : 40 million tons
NUMBER of people who could feed on the grains fed to farmed animals in the
US : 1.4 billion

(3) AMOUNT of EXCREMENT produced by farmed animals in the US : roughly 89,000 lbs/sec

(4) ACRES of LAND needed to produce food for a meat-eater : 3 1/4 acres
ACRES of LAND needed to produce food for a vegan : 1/4 acres

(5) PERCENTAGE of GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS produced by all cars, trucks, planes and
other modes of transportation in the world combined : 13%
PERCENTAGE of GREEHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS produced by farmed animals : 18%

(6) GALLONS of WATER needed to produce 1 lb of meat : 5,000 gal
GALLONS of WATER needed for one year's worth of showers for one person: 5000 gal
GALLONS of WATER needed to produce 1 gallon of milk : 990 gal
GALLONS of water needed to produce a lb of wheat :25 gal
GALLONS of water needed to supply food for a meat-eater for one day : 4,200 gal
GALLONS of water needed to supply food for a vegan for one day : 300 gal

(7) Ratio of FOSSIL FUEL it takes to produce 1 calorie of animal protein to FOSSIL
FUEL it takes to produce 1 calorie of plant protein : 11 to 1

(8) CARBON DIOXIDE SAVINGS if every person in the US replaced one chicken-based meal
with a vegetarian meal : is equivalent to taking more than 5 million cars off the
CARBON DIOXIDE SAVINGS if everyone ate only vegetarian food one day per week : is
equivalent to taking about 8 million cars off the road

(9) TONS of CARBON DIOXIDE that you can save per year by swapping a standard vehicle
for a hybrid car : slightly more than 1 ton
TONS of CARBON DIOXIDE that you can save per year by switching from a meat-based
diet to a vegan diet : nearly 1.5 tons

(THE ABOVE INFO are extracts from PETA's periodical/magazine dated FALL 2008)
(Please visit their websites for more updates at: or

AND in parting.... if you claim to be an environmentalist, don't stop at the
THREE R's.... go one step further - BE VEG ! GO GREEN ! SAVE THE PLANET !

Friday, April 17, 2009

Forests could become source of warming

By Timothy Gardner

NEW YORK (Reuters) - The world's forests are at risk of becoming a source of planet-warming emissions instead of soaking them up like a sponge unless greenhouse gases are controlled, scientists said.

Deforestation emits 20 percent of the world's carbon dioxide when people cut and burn trees, but standing forests soak up 25 percent of the emissions.

If the Earth heats up 2.5 degrees Celsius (4.5 degrees F) or more, evaporation from the additional heat would lead to severe droughts and heat waves that could kill wide swaths of trees in the tropics of Africa, southern Asia and South America. And emissions from the rotting trees would make forests a source of global warming.

"If temperatures are growing at the current pace definitely this would happen at the end of this century or before," said Risto Seppala, chair of a report by the International Union of Forest Research Organizations, a nonprofit network of scientists.

The IUFRO will present the report to the U.N.'s Forum on Forests in New York next week.

Not all areas of the world would suffer immediately and pine forests in northern parts of the world could benefit at first.

"In the beginning it would mean some very positive consequences," for boreal forests such as those found in Northern Europe and Canada, said Seppala by telephone from his home in Finland north of the Arctic Circle. He said timber and paper industries in the North could prosper as warmer weather pushes growth of spruce and other trees.

Even forests found in more temperate parts of the world, such as the United States and Western Europe, could grow faster at first.

"Those who live in industrialized countries in the Northern Hemisphere won't suffer too much at first," he said.

People in many developing countries with forests tend to rely more on forests for food, clean water and other basic needs.

But eventually tree pests and parasites that until now have not appeared much in forests in colder parts of the world are likely to spread north as temperatures warm, the report said.

An example of pests already moving to the North is the pine beetle, which has devastated large parts of forests in British Columbia over the past decade and has moved into the province of Alberta. The pest can be killed by periods of extreme cold, but the 2007-2008 winter did not kill off the insects in Alberta.

Much depends on exactly how much temperatures will warm. A Reuters poll earlier this month of scientists showed that global warming is like to overshoot a 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 F) rise above pre-industrial levels seen by many countries as the maximum to avoid the worst of rising sea levels, floods, droughts and heat waves. Temperatures have already risen 0.7 Celsius.

Steps can be taken to protect forests and help them adapt to warmer temperatures, such as sustainable harvesting, the IUFRO report said. Perhaps even more important is cutting global emissions of greenhouse gases, said Seppala.

Source: The Star

Monday, April 6, 2009

Earth Day Carnival Exhibition 18th & 19th April

Dear Friends,
Health and Eco Friends is coming again.
This round we are having in Sunshine Square,
Bayan Baru, Penang on 18/04/2009 and 19/04/2009.
Lots of events are be plan for you on this two date,
kindly refer to the attachment for the details of the program plan for you.
Don't miss this exhibitions, you will gain Free GIFT back.

by enzyme4u